As part of our intervention into the debates over the history of national liberation and of socialism, we – at Tricontinental: Institute for Social Research – are producing a series of studies on key areas of dispute and debate. These studies will engage with histories and legacies of socialism and national liberation, documenting the past so as to better understand the struggles of the present. These are short texts based on considerable intellectual labour – the amassing of vast amounts of evidence, the work of deep analysis.


In this report, we look at Cuba, Venezuela, Vietnam, and Kerala (India) to investigate how these socialist parts of the world have been able to handle the virus more effectively.


In the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, the United States government has put its tremendous resources towards heightening aggression against its perceived adversaries – notably, against Venezuela – from heightening sanctions to a foiled invasion to leveraging its stronghold over international institutions like the IMF. This study takes a deep look at the US-led hybrid war against Venezuela, debunking the false narratives created to support this attack.


This is the first in a multiple part series of studies on CoronaShock. It is made up of three articles on how China identified the novel coronavirus and then how the Chinese government and Chinese society fought against its wider diffusion, as well as an interview with Li Zhong, an artist from Shanghai.


The world that we live in today is characterised by great social and political upheavals, with workers facing overwhelming attacks from neoliberal politics. The policies of neoliberalism and neofascism put immense pressure on women, who become the primary and principal targets of precariousness, oppression, and exploitation.