As part of our intervention into the debates over the history of national liberation and of socialism, we – at Tricontinental: Institute for Social Research – are producing a series of studies on key areas of dispute and debate. These studies will engage with histories and legacies of socialism and national liberation, documenting the past so as to better understand the struggles of the present. These are short texts based on considerable intellectual labour – the amassing of vast amounts of evidence, the work of deep analysis.


The world that we live in today is characterised by great social and political upheavals, with workers facing overwhelming attacks from neoliberal politics. The policies of neoliberalism and neofascism put immense pressure on women, who become the primary and principal targets of precariousness, oppression, and exploitation.