At least twice a year, Tricontinental will publish a Working Document that will take an analytical look at a serious problem that faces us. This Working Document will look carefully at the most current academic and policy literature on the subject at hand to offer a readable and analytically clear assessment of the problem. It is not enough to identify the problem. Our Working Documents will struggle to propose an approach to the problem that might help social and political movements to overcome it.

These documents are free to download and circulate. If you would like to offer your assessment of the document, if you would like to suggest topics or authors for future documents, please email [email protected] and
[email protected].


Since 1996, the South African indigenous community Xolobeni has been fighting a foreign mining conglomerate that learned that their ancestral lands happen to be rich in titanium. The anti-mining activists of Xolobeni, who have lost many members to hit squads, continue to struggle against this foreign company and its partners in the South African government. Given that their land is located in a global biodiversity hotspot, their struggle is the struggle of us all: it is the fight for water, soil, food, and air.


In the Ruins of the Present traces the challenges posed by globalization and what these challenges produce for our society. The first attempt to address the problems of globalization was neo-liberalism. It failed. Next came cruel populism, which expresses itself in narrow, hateful terms. It will also fail. The Left is weak – decomposed by globalization. The need of the hour is for the Left to recompose itself, to become a vital force for a fragile humanity.